The defence industry performed excellently in 2016 with a large number of arms contracts as well as modernisation programmes. In the security sector, investment is driven by the terrorist threat and IT security.
Between 2012 and 2015, financial losses linked to cyber-criminality doubled in the United States, according to the FBI, and represented €3 billion in France in 2015 according to McAfee. In light of this, governments and companies have increased their cybersecurity expenditure. According to a recent study by PAC, sales of cyber security software and services will be nearly €3 billion by 2019.